- For the Buddhist scholar, see Buton Rinchen.
Buton (also Butung or Boeton), is an island in Indonesia located off the southeast peninsula of Sulawesi.
HistoryIn the precolonial era, the island, then usually known as Butung, was within the sphere of influence of Ternate. Especially in the sixteenth century it served as an important secondary regional center within the Ternaten empire, controlling regional trade and collecting tribute to be sent to Ternate.
Sultan Murhum, the first Islamic monarch on the island, is remembered in the name of the island's major harbor, Murhum Harbor, in Baubau.
GeographyIts largest town is Bau-Bau. Major nearby islands include Wowoni (North), Muna and Kabaena (West) and Siumpu (Southwest). The Tukangbesi Islands lie just to the east where Tukang Besi is spoken, and is separated by the Gulf of Kolowana Watabo (Teluk Kolowana Watabo). Batuatas Island is to the south.
EcologyThe island is largely covered by rainforest and is known for its wildlife. It is one of only two habitats of the anoa, a type of buffalo.
EconomyThe island is a major producer of asphalt and other minerals.
butung in French: Buton
butung in Indonesian: Pulau Buton
butung in Japanese: ブトゥン島
butung in Polish: Buton
butung in Portuguese: Buton
butung in Finnish: Buton